Dictionary consultation:

This service allows you to consult the following three dictionaries produced by the Elhuyar Foundation:

My Dictionary Language FeaturesHow to run a search
Elhuyar Hiztegia eu-es/es-eu
  • 92.800 entries
  • 24.000 sub-entries
  • 156.000 senses
  • 100.000 examples
Dictionnaire Elhuyar Hiztegia eu-fr/fr-eu
  • 36.700 entries
  • 6.300 sub-entries
  • 57.300 senses
  • 6.700 examples
Elhuyar Dictionary hiztegia eu-en/en-eu
  • 30.500 entries
  • 3.372 sub-entries
  • 50.197 senses
  • 14.754 examples

How to run a search

Home page

Home page

Search

A basic initial search can be run on the web site’s home page itself. To do this, write theword you want to look up in the box in the middle, and press enter, or choose the word youwant from the list that expands the moment you start writing. The result will be displayed onthe consultation interface.

The language pairs appearing above the search box indicate the dictionaries in which the search can be run. The active dictionary is highlighted. The default option is eu-es; so if nothing else is indicated, the first search will be made in the eu-es /es-eu dictionary, i.e. it will search for words in Basque and in Spanish. If you select the eu-en language pair, the search will be run in the eu-en/en-eu dictionary, and the same with the eu-fr pair.

Whatever search you run, the result will be displayed on a second screen. If you want to go straight to the consultation interface without running a search on the home page, click on Advanced search, which is below the box.

Consultation interface

Entry searches

If you wish to specify which language you want to run a search in, you need to click on one of the options (Basque, Spanish, French or English) in the list to the right of the search item box. If you choose Basque, you can see the results from the three dictionaries. In fact, the three boxes below that box are target languages, and the search will be run in the languages you have marked. If you do not want the content of one of these languages to be displayed in the consultation results, you just need to disable the box. If you choose a foreign language in the list of languages, you will see that Basque is the only target language on the right.

Ondoren, bilagaiaren laukian, aurkitu nahi duzun hitza, terminoa, esapidea edo, bestela, karaktere zein karaktere-segida idatzi. % irudiaren ondoko aukera aktibatuta izanik, halako hitzez, karakterez edo karaktere-multzoz hasitako sarrera eta azpisarrera guztiak bistaratuko dira (azpisarrerak sarrera baten barnean antolatzen diren unitateak dira, eta, nagusiki, hitz anitzekoak dira, hala nola hitz-elkarteak, hitz anitzeko terminoak, esapideak, gramatika-egiturak...). Adibidez, azpirekin hasten diren sarrerak eta azpisarrerak aurkitzeko, aski da bilagaiaren laukian azpi idatzi, eta Bilatu botoia edo Intro tekla sakatzea, betiere % irudiaren ondoko aukera aktibatuta dagoela. Horrelakorik nahi ez baduzu, hau da, kontsulta-sistemak zure bilagaiaren amaieran automatikoki % eranstea nahi ez baduzu, % irudiaren ondoko aukera desaktibatu egin behar duzu. Bestetik, halako amaiera duten hitzak bilatu nahi badituzu, % irudiaren ondoko aukera desaktibatu, bilagaiaren hasieran % idatzi, eta, jarraian, nahi duzun amaiera. Esaterako, bilagaiaren laukian %pen idatzita, -pen amaiera duten sarrerak eta azpisarrerak bistaratuko dira.

Result

The list of entries or sub-entries that fit the search specifications will appear on the left below the heading Dictionary Units. The list is in alphabetical order (in multi-word units, the hyphen is not taken into account, but blank spaces are).

If you click on one of the units in this list, the relevant content appears in the middle; whenthe results are displayed for the first time, the content of the first in the list will open out.

The entry word is above, and it is followed by a number of symbols



  • doinua Listen to how the word is pronounced, by means of the Aholab-Elhuyar voice synthesizer

  • forvo The pronunciation of the word can be heard by means of Forvo

  • forvo Hitza partekatzeko hainbat aukera:

    • tweet Share the word on Twitter

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  • komentarioa Send a comment on the word

The article of an entry is organised into senses.

The Equivalents section is also structured. The equivalents or translations that a word has in each sense, taking the level of equivalence between them as the criterion, are organised into groups of related terms, separated by semi-colons. The necessary information is added to the groups of related terms through usage notes, geographical area labels and semantic labels.Some examples:

When an equivalent or translation is the entry or sub-entry in the other part of the dictionary, it is highlighted in bold type, and has a link to go directly to the relevant entry or sub-entry.

After the senses, the sub-entries corresponding the main entry are listed. If you click on any of them, the information on it is displayed.

We can access the information about the sub-entries through the main entry; but it is not the only way. In fact, the entries and sub-entries are displayed in the results of the dictionary consultation (the Dictionary Units). So you can go straight to a sub-entry through that list. If you click on the sub-entry you want to look up, only the relevant content will be displayed below, not the whole entry. However, the entry in which that sub-entry can be found in the dictionary will appear above, and there is a link to go there directly.

Whenever Ik. xxx appears in the equivalents of the entries and sub-entries, it means that xxx is the spelling accepted in standard Basque. But if h. xxx appears, it means that xxx is the preferred spelling. In many names of species, the standard form is indicated by an arrow () to refer the user to another entry in the Basque section. In the Spanish section the abbreviation tekn. (technicism) is used next to the standard Basque form.

Search in translations

Through this search mode, you find out what entry translations or equivalents are given in the dictionary for the word entered in the search item box. First you need to specify which language you want to run a search in by clicking on one of the choices in the list to the right of the search item box (Basque, Spanish, French or English). For example, to find out what equivalent word in Spanish is given for the Basque word koaderno, click on the Translations option and select Basque as the search item language. When you run a search, you will have the list of Spanish entries on the left, below the Dictionary Units heading.

Azkenik, sarreren eta ordainen informazioaren ondoren, zutabearen behealdean, Elhuyarren web-corpuseko adibideak ere ikus ditzakegu, «Ikusi adibide gehiago» sakatuta.

List of used abbreviations

Abbreviations in Basque

Laburdura Azalpena
ad. aditza
adb. adberbioa
adib. adibidez
adj. adjektiboa
Aeron. aeronautika
Albait. albaitaritza
Anat. anatomia
Antr. antropologia
Antz. antzertia
Ar. Araba
Arg. argazkigintza
Arkeol. arkeologia
Arkit. arkitektura
Arm. armagintza
arrt. hitz edo erabilera arrunta (gizabidearen arauek gaitzesten dutena)
Art. artea
Art. Graf. arte grafikoak
Astrol. astrologia
Astron. astronomia
Astronaut. astronautika
Autom. automobilgintza
B bizkaiera
banatz. banatzailea
Biokim. biokimika
Biol. biologia
Bizk. Bizkaia
BN behe-nafarrera
Bot. botanika
da ad. da aditza
da/du ad. da/du aditza
det. determinatzailea
dio ad. dio aditza
dio/zaio ad. dio/zaio aditza
du ad. du aditza
E erronkariera
Ekol. ekologia
Ekon. ekonomia
Elektr. elektrizitatea
Elektron. elektronika
Eraik. eraikuntza
erak. erakuslea
Erl. erlijioa
etab. eta abar
ez sing. mugatu singularrean erabiltzen ez den hitz edo adiera
Fil. filosofia
Fin. finantzak
Fis. fisika
G gipuzkera
gald. galdetzailea
Geogr. geografia
Geol. geologia
Gip. Gipuzkoa
GN goi-nafarrera
h. hobe
haur. haur-hizkerazko hitz edo adiera
hed. hedadurazko adiera
Heg. Hego Euskal Herriko hitz edo adiera
herr. herri-mailako hitz edo adiera (idatziz erabili ohi ez dena)
Hezk. hezkuntza
Hirgz. hirigintza
Hist. historia
Hizkl. hizkuntzalaritza
Ik. ikus
Inform. informatika
interj. interjekzioa
Ipar. Ipar Euskal Herriko hitz edo adiera
Itsas. itsasoa
iz. izena
izlag. izenlaguna
izond. izenondoa
izord. izenordaina
junt. juntagailua
K.a. Kristo aurreko
K.o. Kristo ondoko
Kim. kimika
Kir. kirola
Kont. kontabilitatea
Koreogr. koreografia
L lapurtera
Lap. Lapurdi
lgart. lagunarteko hizkerako hitz edo adiera
Lit. literatura
Log. Logika
lok. lokailua
maiusk. lehen letra maiuskulaz
Mar. marrazketa
Mat. matematika
Meatz. meatzaritza
Med. medikuntza
mend. menderagailua
Metal. metalurgia
Meteorol. meteorologia
Metr. metrika
Mikol. mikologia
Mikrob. mikrobiologia
Mil. arlo militarra
Miner. mineralogia
Mit. mitologia
Mus. musika
Naf. Nafarroa
Naf. Beh. Nafarroa Beherea
Nekaz. nekazaritza
neol. neologismoa
onom. onomatopeia
ord. zenbaki ordinala
Paleont. paleontologia
partik. partikula
Pedag. pedagogia
Pint. pintura
pl. pluralean erabiltzen den hitz edo adiera
Pol. politika
postp. postposizioa
Psikiat. psikiatria
Psikol. psikologia
RAE Real Academia Española
Soziol. soziologia
sp. espeziea
subsp. azpiespeziea
Taurom. tauromakia
Teknol. teknologia
Telekom. telekomunikazioak
var. barietatea
Z zuberera
zah. hitz edo adiera zaharra
zaio ad. zaio aditza
zenb. zenbakia
zenbtz. orok. zenbatzaile orokorra
zenbtz. zehazt. zenbatzaile zehaztua
zenbtz. zehaztgb. zenbatzaile zehaztugabea
Zin. zinema
Zool. zoologia
Zub. Zuberoa
Zuz. zuzenbidea

Abbreviations in Spanish

Laburdura Azalpena
a.C. antes de Cristo
adj. adjetivo
adv. adverbio
Aeron. aeronáutica
Agric. agricultura
Anat. anatomía
ant. anticuado, antiguo
Antr. antropología
aprox. aproximadamente
Ar. (Araba) Álava
Arm. armamento
Arq. arquitectura
Arqueol. arqueología
Art. arte
Art. Gráf. artes gráficas
Astrol. astrología
Astron. astronomía
Astronáut. astronáutica
Autom. automovilismo
Biol. biología
Bioquím. bioquímica
Bizk. (Bizkaia) Vizcaya
Bot. botánica
Cin. Cinematografía
col. coloquial
conj. conjunción
Constr. construcción
Contab. contabilidad
Coreogr. coreografía
d.C. después de Cristo
Dep. deportes
Der. derecho
det. determinante
dial. dialecto
Dib. dibujo
Ecol. ecología
Econ. economía
Electr. electricidad
Electrón. electrónica
Enseñ. enseñanza
etc. etcétera
fig. figurado
Fil. filosofía
Fin. finanzas
Fís. física
Fot. fotografía
frec. frecuentemente
Geogr. geografía
Geol. geología
ger. gerundio
Gip. (Gipuzkoa) Guipúzcoa
Hist. historia
inf. infinitivo
Inform. informática
ing. inglés
interj. interjección
Lap. (Lapurdi) Lapurdi
Ling. lingüística
Lit. literatura
Lóg. lógica
Mar. marina
Mat. matemáticas
mayúsc. mayúscula
Med. medicina
menos frec. menos frecuente
Metal. metalurgia
Meteorol. meteorología
Métr. métrica
Micol. micología
Microb. microbiología
Mil. milicia
Min. minería
Miner. mineralogía
Mit. mitología
Mús. música
Naf. (Nafarroa) Navarra
Naf. Beh. (Nafarroa Beherea) Baja Navarra
num. numeral
núm. número
onom. onomatopeya
Paleont. paleontología
part. participio
Pedag. pedagogía
Pint. pintura
pl. plural
Pol. política
prep. preposición
pron. pronombre
Psicol. psicología
Psiquiat. psiquiatría
Quím. química
RAE Real Academia Española
Rel. religión
s. sustantivo
s.f. sustantivo femenino
s.m. sustantivo masculino
s.n. sustantivo neutro
sing. singular
Sociol. sociología
sp. especie
subj. subjuntivo
subsp. subespecie
Taurom. tauromaquia
tb. también
Teatr. teatro
Tecnol. tecnología
Telecom. telecomunicaciones
Urb. urbanismo
V. ver
v. verbo
v.intr. verbo intransitivo
v.prnl. verbo pronominal
v.tr. verbo transitivo
var. variedad
Vet. veterinaria
vulg. vulgar
Zool. zoología
Zub. (Zuberoa) Zuberoa

Abbreviations in French

Laburdura Azalpena
adj. adjectif
Admin. Administration
adv. adverbe
Aéron. Aéronautique
affirm. affirmatif
Agric. Agriculture
Anat. Anatomie
Antiq. Antique
Archit. Architecture
Arith. Arithmétique
Arm. Arme
art. article
Arts Arts
Astrol. Astrologie
Astron. Astronomie
Auto. Automobile
Aviat. Aviation
Biochim. Biochimie
Biol. Biologie
Bot. Botanique
Chim. Chimie
Chirurg. Chirurgie
Cin. Cinéma
Comm. Commerce
conj. conjonction
Constr. Construction
Cuis. Cuisine
dém. démonstratif
Dr. Droit
Écol. Écologie
Écon. Économie
Électr. Électricité
f. féminin
fam. familier
fig. figuré
Géogr. Géographie
Géol. Géologie
Géom. Géométrie
Hist. Histoire
impers. impersonnel
Impr. Imprimerie
indéf. indéf.indéfini
inf. infinitif
Inform. Informatique
interj. Interjection
interr. interrogatif
inv. invariable
Ling. Linguistique
Littér. Littérature
loc. locution
loc. adv. locution adverbiale
loc. conj. locution conjonctive
loc. prép. locution prépositive
Log. Logique
Mar. Marine
Math. Mathématiques
Mécan. Mécanique
Méd. Médecine
Météor. Météorologie
Mil. Militaire
Minér. Minéralogie
Mus. Musique
Myth. Mythologie
n. nom ou nom masculin e nom féminin
n. pr. nom propre
nf. nom féminin
nm. nom masculin
num. numéral
par anal. par analogie
par ext. par extension
par oppos. par opposition
péjor. péjoratif
pers. personnel
Philos. Philosophie
Phot. Photographie
Phys. Physique
pl. pluriel
Poét. Poétique
Polit. Politique
pop. populaire
poss. possessif
prép. préposition
pron. pronom
Psychiatr. Psychiatrie
Psychol. Psychologie
récipr. réciproque
réfléch. réfléchi
rel. relatif
Relig. Religion
sing. singulier
Sports Sports
Techn. Technique
Théâtr. Théâtre
v. verbe
vi. verbe intransitif
vpr. verbe pronominal
vt. verbe transitif
vulg. vulgaire
Zool. Zoologie

Abbreviations in English

Laburdura Azalpena
adj. adjective
adv. adverb
Agr. agriculture
Am American English
Anat. anatomy
Archit. architecture
Art. art
Astron. astronomy
Auto. automobiles
Av. aviation
Biol. biology
Bot. botany
Br British English
Chem. chemistry
compar comparative
Comput. computing
conj. conjunction
Culin. culinary
def. art. definite article
det. determiner
Ecol. ecology
Econ. economics
Educ. education
Elect. electricity
excl. exclamation
Fin. finance
Geog. geography
Geol. geology
Hist. history
indef. art. indefinite article
inf informal
Law law
Ling. linguistics
Lit. literature
Maths maths
Med. medicine
Meteo. meteorology
Mil. military
Min. mining
modal v. modal verb
Mus. music
n. noun
Naut. nautical
Phil. philosophy
Phys. physics
pl plural
Pol. politics
pp past participle
prep. preposition
pron. pronoun
Psych. psychology
pt past tense
Relig. religion
sb somebody
Sport sport
sth something
superl superlative
Tec. technology
Telec. telecommunication
v. aux. auxiliary, auxiliary verb
vi. intransitive verb
vt. transitive verb
Zool. zoology